CBSmallports project: energy efficient investments in the small ports of the Central Baltic region

Satakunta University of Applied Sciences (SAMK) has worked on various projects in the Baltic Sea region in order to make this area more climate friendly and also to make boating and sailing more eco-friendly.

SAMK is leading CBSmallPorts project at the moment, with the intention of focusing on energy efficiency of the small ports of Central Baltic (CB) area. This project is making new energy efficiency investments in the small ports of Finland (including Åland), Sweden, Estonia and Latvia. Altogether, CBSmallPorts project has been making investments in 15 small ports in Finland, Sweden and Estonia.

The project’s investments have been divided into 6 periods starting from March 2020 and it is scheduled to be done until November 2022 which is the final reporting deadline of the project.

New installed concrete pontoon guest pier in Airisto Marina. Teemu Heikkinen.

CBSmallPorts approach to energy efficiency

CBSmallPorts is making investments in the small ports of the Central Baltic Sea region to improve energy supply to be used efficiently by boaters and small ports owners and it aims to improve energy efficiency by using green technologies which lead to less CO2 emissions.

One of the main fixed costs of the small ports is electricity. Therefore, managing the efficient use of electricity has been the CBSmallPorts project’s center of focus. In order to approach energy efficiency management, the project has done many climate-friendly investments to produce eco-friendly energy such as installing solar panels and to save energy by making different investments such as installing LED lightings in the small ports and there are many environmentally friendly investments still ongoing.

What investments have been done?

Generally, there has been a variety of energy efficiency investments in different small ports in the CB area depending on the ports’ atmosphere and their needs.

Making new piers in some small ports including Dirhami located in Estonia, is a part of CBSmallPorts investments. The idea is that by installing solar panels in the mentioned port, a part of the needed electricity used in the piers will be provided in more energy efficient and sustainable ways.

As it is mentioned, to improve energy efficiency and save energy, the project has provided some small ports with LED light stands, solar light systems, cost effective lighting and smart lighting. Also, the installation process is still ongoing in other small ports which need the mentioned investments.

CBSmallPorts has made major renovations in a few small ports including renovations of two saunas in Seili small port located in municipality of Pargas, Finland. The project’s team has replaced the old wood burning stoves with new and more energy efficient electric ones and one of the saunas has received major renovation where also the walls and the floors were renovated in order to decrease the energy losses. Also, the wastewater of the sauna is now treated in proper wastewater purification plant.

Renovated sauna in Seili small port. Teemu Heikkinen.

To mention the main investments made by CBSmallPorts project in different small ports which are either completely done or they will be completed during the project, LED light stands have been installed in Lennusadam, Estonia, a wind generator in Lõunaranna small port, Estonia, new heat pump based heating system in Kalev yacht club small port, Estonia ongoing installation of solar panels in Roograhu, Estonia, ongoing installation of smart lighting for harbor facilities in Kärdla, Orjaku and Sõru Marinas located in Estonia, walking decks at piers (iron frames / wooden deck maintenance, recast surface of one pier) in Bläse Kalkbruk small port, Sweden, solar energy and lighting as well as water system in Klacksörarna, Sweden, modernized power line and transferred line from air to the underground and to sea bottom across a bay in Keihässalmi small port, Finland, installation of piers and ongoing installation of solar panels in Airisto Marina, Finland, solar power plant and LED lighting services in Sapokka, Kotka, Finland and guest harbor area LED lighting in Tervasaari, Finland.

Part of the renewed walking decks in Bläse Kalkbruk. Leif Ortman.
Service stands installed in Lennusadam, Estonia. Lauri Väinsalu.

Overall, as a summary of what small ports CBSmallPorts project has been working on, the project is investing in 15 different small ports which some of the investments are still ongoing. The small ports are:

• Seili located in Turku, Finland. The investments are complete.
• Airisto located in Turku, Finland. The investments are ongoing.
• Sapokka, Keihässalmi and Tervasaari, all located in South-Eastern Finland. The investments are ongoing.
• Bläse Kalkbruk located in Gotland, Sweden. The investments are complete.
• Klacksörarna located in Söderhamn, Sweden. The investments are ongoing.
• Dirhami, Lennusadam, Lounaranna, Roograhu, Kalev all located in Estonia. The investments are ongoing.
• Kärdla, Orjaku and Soru, all located in Hiiumaa, Estonia. The investments are ongoing.

New ways of cooperating during the pandemic

CBSmallPorts’ project partners were supposed to share their knowledge and experiences during the process of energy efficiency investments and marketing. They had planned to involve each other in planning, decision makings, investments, installations and basically the whole process.

Due to the Covid-19 and the restrictions, this idea was not realized, and the partners were not able to have enough physical meetings and interactions. Also, it caused some delays in component deliveries of e.g., semiconductor components that are used in PV systems i.e., in solar panels. So, the team had to adapt to the new ways of cooperation to advance the investments of the project.

All partners in CBSmallPorts did their best in using online tools to communicate and advance the project and investments. In order to develop the project, they used new ways and gained new skills and experiences which will be useful in the future.

Report on investments

To have a better picture of the investments of the project, CBSmallPorts team has gathered the detail of all the investments and practical works done implementing them to a separate document which will be published during the autumn 2021. The document will be a report on practical work done within investing small ports and best practices for energy efficiency for small ports with investments (technical specifications, tendering, new technologies to use). Through the report, port developers can get a good idea of what kind of investments were done in different small ports, how the procedures went and what were the costs. The report will also present some lessons learned during the investment process.

Text: Sina Khabbazi, Teemu Heikkinen, Hanna Rissanen, Alberto Lanzanova

Green sailing in the Baltic Sea ─
The environmental-friendly collaboration of the CBSmallPorts project and S/Y Fuga

Satakunta University of Applied Sciences (SAMK) has been taking environmentally friendly actions in the Central Baltic region by leading several national and international projects over the past few years.

CBSmallPorts is an international project started in June 2020 and led by SAMK with the focus on energy efficiency in the small ports of Central Baltic region as well as marketing activities. The project works on improving energy supply and its efficient use by boaters and small port users in the CB area.

In May 2021, CBSmallPorts started a social media campaign, collaborating with Sailing Fuga. Within this campaign, Sailing Fuga had a sailing trip to the small ports around the Baltic Sea region including selected small ports located in Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Sweden which was split in two parts. In general, the objective of this campaign was to raise awareness on the Central Baltic Sea, energy efficiency and environmentally friendly sailing as well as spreading a survey about energy efficiency of the small ports.

Teemu Heikkinen from CBSmallPorts team meeting with Pellervo Kunnaala from Sailing Fuga

Sailing Fuga collaboration

Sailing Fuga based in Rauma, aims to raise awareness on the Baltic Sea and show a different way of sailing. Sailing Fuga’s team had participated in different projects using environmentally friendly equipment and new sustainable technologies to make sailing safer and eco-friendlier.

In this collaboration project, Sailing Fuga’s main goal was to promote the small ports of CB area by exploring this region and taking pictures and videos for the social media campaign (Facebook, Instagram and YouTube) while sailing with energy efficient equipment to show a different way of sailing. Also, they had a live stream of their sailing adventure on their YouTube channel during the whole journey which gave them the possibility to show their route, share their thoughts on the journey, and to show how to tie the knots, etc.

During the trip, both Sailing Fuga and CBSmalPorts team shared the sailing adventure by posting pictures and videos of CB area and small ports on social media through the whole journey.

Sailing Fuga in Rauma preparing for the journey

The other goal of this collaboration was for Sailing Fuga to spread information about a survey regarding energy efficient services for boaters and small ports owners as well as energy efficient investments in the small ports.

Basically, Sailing Fuga distributed the survey which is still ongoing, and the team also handed out business cards about the project to the small ports’ owners during the journey. The business cards included a description of the project and a link to the survey.

The CBSmallPorts team is collecting data from the small ports and after analyzing the survey the results will be published in a report during the autumn 2022.

Equipment and sponsors

Sailing Fuga had a lot of energy efficient equipment onboard. They had two separate solar power systems including 240Wp panel as well as two 280Wp panels installed for the expedition, so 800Wp solar power in total. They equipped their boat with a UP400 hydrogen generator backup power source and their main engine was the final backup for all the electrical equipment onboard. At last, they equipped the boat with a 700Ah battery bank which was powered by the power generating equipment.

They installed a measuring device powered by Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) in order to measure air and the sea’s temperature 24/7 and to automatically send the data based on their locations to FMI.

Overall, Sailing Fuga was provided with a variety of equipment from different energy supplier companies as sponsors. These companies provided Sailing Fuga’s team with the hydrogen generator backup power source, solar panel, battery bank and other environmentally friendly equipment which made their journey eco-friendlier.

Mikko Puolitaival (front) and Pellervo Kunnaala (back, Captain) from Sailing Fuga’s team

The trip

After planning the route and installing the energy efficient equipment onboard, Sailing Fuga started exploring Baltic Sea and the small ports. Sailing Fuga had a two-part sailing trip to the small ports of the CB area. Within each trip, they explored different small ports of the region and returned to Rauma.

Sailing Fuga, sailing from Hanko to Barösund

The first part of the journey was during May 2021 starting from one of the small ports of Rauma. During this trip, Sailing Fuga explored throughout the coast of Southern Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Bornholm (Denmark), Southern Sweden and Åland Islands.

The second part was during the first half of August 2021. During the second trip, they explored the northern parts of the Baltic Sea. As the last destination of the trip, Sailing Fuga visited the small port of Gävle in Sweden and they familiarized with the port and the energy efficient investments which some of them had been made through PortMate project (another Central Baltic project before CBSmallPorts). After visiting Gävle, Sailing Fuga returned to Rauma across the southern part of the Gulf of Bothnia.

Within the exploration of the Central Baltic Sea, Sailing Fuga had to make changes to their plans due to the Covid-19. While visiting small ports of Sweden and Denmark, they were not allowed to get off the boat and get to the shores, so they had to end up rushing and return to Rauma earlier. Also, they had planned to visit southernmost part of the Baltic Sea and sail coasts of Poland and Germany as well but, due to the Covid-19 and restrictions they had to change the plan and skip this part entirely.

Sailing Fuga experience

Overall, the Sailing Fuga experience was a great cooperation and a great opportunity for both Sailing Fuga and CBSmallPorts project to promote small ports of the CB area and improve the marketing of the ports as well as gaining more knowledge about the energy supplies and energy efficiency investments in this region.

For more information:

CBSmallPorts project website

S/Y Fuga website

Authors: Sina Khabbazi, Hanna Rissanen, Teemu Heikkinen, Alberto Lanzanova

Pictures: S/Y Fuga

Kentällä ja käytännössä energiatehokkuutta meriteollisuudelle

Projektityön perusta ovat kenttävierailut. Rauman sataman alueella pyrytti ja tuiskusi 1.2.2018. (Kuva: Teemu Heikkinen)

Tutkimus- ja kehittämistyöstä voi asiasta sen tarkemmin tietämättömällä olla mielikuva ”hullusta professorista”, joka omassa kammiossaan tutkii ”jotain” ja epäselvästi mutisemalla selittää löydöksistään silmät loistaen. Todellisuudessa TKI-työtä meillä Satakunnan ammattikorkeakoulussa tehdään tiiviissä yhteistyössä eri toimijoiden kanssa: kentällä ja käytännössä.

Energian säästämisestä puhutaan paljon julkisuudessa ja sen parissa tehdään ponnisteluita monella sektorilla. Toisaalta uusiutuvan energian lähteitä, kuten aurinkopaneeleita, ilmestyy katukuvaan kiihtyvällä vauhdilla. Satakunta on vientivetoinen maakunta, jossa meriteollisuuden toimijoilla on keskeinen merkitys. Maakunnassa on kaksi pääsatamaa Raumalla ja Porissa. Toisaalta Rauman meriteollisuuspuisto on noussut uuteen kukoistukseensa ja siellä rakennetaan ympäristöystävällisiä laivoja tulevaisuuden tarpeisiin.

Meriteollisuus kuluttaa paljon energiaa, joten siellä on myös paljon energiansäästömahdollisuuksia. Energiansäästö tuo myös kulusäästöjä, kun toimenpiteet tehdään suunnitellusti. Energiaa kuluu satamissa kuljetuskalustossa, kuten trukeissa ja nostureissa, sekä valaistukseen. Teollisuushalleissa energiaa kuluu mm. laitteisiin, lämmitykseen, ilmanvaihtoon ja valaistukseen. Toisaalta varasto- ja teollisuushallien katot tarjoavat paljon pinta-alaa aurinkopaneeleille.

Satakuntalaiset merialan yritykset ovat olleet kiinnostuneita energiatehokkuusasioista, niin energiansäästöpotentiaalista kuin uusiutuvasta energiasta. Kokonaisuutta ei ollut kuitenkaan tutkittu ennen SataMari-projektia. SataMari-projektissa työskenneltiin läheisessä yhteistyössä merialan toimijoiden kanssa käyttäen Rauman meriteollisuuspuistoa ja Rauman satamaa pilottialueina. Lopputuloksena projektista tehtiin ohjeistus- ja päätöksentekotyökalu, jonka oppien pohjalta merialan yritykset voivat lisätä energiatehokkuuttaan ja uusiutuvan energian käyttöään.

”Polku” projekti-ideasta valmiiseen nettipohjaiseen työkaluun vaati paljon kenttätöitä pilottialueilla ja monenlaisia vaiheita ja sattumuksia konkreettisesta työstä. Usein tämä polku jää mukaviksi muistoksi, joita ei sen tarkemmin mihinkään kuvata. Kenttätöissä kaikki ei yleensä mene kuten suunnitellaan, mikä kehittää toimintaa ja tuo lisämausteensa tekemiseen. SataMarin polun varrelta kertyi kokemuksia ja tarinoita, joita esittelemme seuraavassa.

Kenttätyöt aloitettiin tammikuussa 2018 tutustumalla toimijoihin ja heidän toiveisiinsa SataMari-hankkeen teemoissa. Raumalla ei kovinkaan paljon ollut talven aikana lunta tullut, mutta kenttävierailulle Rauman sataman alueelle satuimme vuoden ensimmäiseen kunnon lumimyrskyyn.

Onnistunut kenttävierailu vaikka aurinko ei paistanutkaan. Kuvassa on Petri Lähde (vasemmalla), Teija Järvenpää ja Aleksi Granfors. Aleksi teki projektiin liittyen energia- ja ympäristötekniikan opinnäytetyönsä varastohallin aurinkopaneelien suunnittelusta. (Kuva: Teemu Heikkinen)

Energiatehokkuuden parantaminen vaatii aina mittaus- ja mallinnustöitä. Kaikkia tarvittavia mittareita ei löydy kaupan hyllyltä vaan ne joudutaan rakentamaan itse. Teollisuushallin lämpötilaprofiilin mittaamiseksi rakennettiin projektityöntekijöiden ja opiskelijoiden toimesta 3 kpl eri pituisia ja toisiinsa liitettäviä köysiantureita. Anturin asentaminen hoidettiin turvallisesti, korkeat paikat huomioiden.

Kampuksella testaamassa köysianturia. (Kuva: Teija Järvenpää)

Vaikka mittaukset suunnitellaan ja toteutetaan tarkasti, eivät ne aina mene täysin, kuten suunnitellaan. Lämpötilamittauksissa meriteollisuuspuistossa lämpötilaloggerin anturi eli termoparikaapeli oli rispaantunut laitteen puoleisesta päästä niin, että termoparin lämpötilaa mittaava kontakti syntyikin laitteen kylkeen eikä viiden metrin päähän, kaapelin varsinaiseen ajateltuun mittauspäähän. Koska itse mittalaite oli pölysuojassa muovipussissa, tuli mittaustulokset näin ollen pussin sisältä. Virhe huomattiin myöhemmin anturia kalibroitaessa, kun mittapää näytti jääpalahauteessakin huoneenlämpötilaa.

Loggeri mittaamassa suojapussissaan pussin sisältä, ei anturin päästä.

Lämpökamerakuvauksissa kävi niin, että kameran asetukset unohtuivat tarkistaa ja ajateltu hyödyllinen lämpökamerakuvalle rinnakkainen valokuva jäi ottamatta ja saatiin pelkkä lämpökuva. Silläkin pärjäsi, mutta valokuva olisi helpottanut kuvauskohteen paikantamista jälkikäteen. Seuraavalla kerralla muistettiinkin sitten jo tarkistaa asetukset.

Lämpökamerakuvasta näkee lämpövuotokohdat. Ikkunan yläosasta valskaa.

Kenttätöissä tehdään myös paljon dokumentaatiota teemalla ”mitä ja missä”. Käytimme dronea lintuperspektiivin saamiseksi kuviin ja videoihin. Drone, lempinimeltään ”Ukko” meinasi toisinaan lähteä omille teilleen, mutta kokenut ohjaaja sai sen aisoihin. Ukko kävi valmistajan huollossa ja sen jälkeen se on toiminut mainiosti.

Dronella sai kokonaiskäsityksen alueesta ja asennetuista aurinkopaneeleista. (Kuva: Teemu Heikkinen)

Toisinaan kentällä tulee ulkoisia tekijöitä vastaan. SataMariin koronapandemia vaikutti yllättävällä tavalla. Teollisuushallin korkeussuuntaisten lämpötilaerojen mittauksiin käytiin asentamassa lämpötilaloggeri koronarajoituksia edeltävällä viikolla. Laite mittasi lämpötilaa kahdeksalta eri korkeudelta ja tallensi lämpötilat suunnitellun viikon sijasta lopulta 83 päivän ajalta. Patteritkaan ei oletuksesta huolimatta loppuneet vaan laite mittasi ja tallensi lämpötilan viiden minuutin välein koko jakson. Tästä oli lopulta se hyöty, että samaan mittaussarjaan saatiin näkyviin sekä lämmitys- että kesäkautta. Huomattiin, että kerrostumista ei juurikaan ollut lämmityskaudella, mutta sen sijaan touko-kesäkuussa lämpötila kerrostui korkeassa hallissa selvästi enemmän.

Projektin päätuotoksen, päätöksentekotyökalun tekeminen oli kaikkein pisin polku. Toteuttavalla projektihenkilöstöllä ei ollut alkuvaiheessa tarkkaa ajatusta minkälainen työkalu olisi kyseessä ja minkälaisia päätöksiä sen pitäisi tehdä. Yhteisillä ideatyöpajoissa työkalun muoto ja sisältö alkoivat kuitenkin hahmottua. Matkan varrella palautetta ja ajatuksia toteutuksesta ja toimenpidekorteista kysyttiin ja saatiin myös sidosryhmiltä. Tapaamiset ja vierailut meriklusterin yrityksissä toivat myös lisäsisältöä ja esimerkkejä työkalun toimenpidekortteihin.

Päätöksentekotyökalun hahmottelu alkoi muistilapuilla. (Kuva: Teija Järvenpää)

Valmis energiansäästötyökalu on nyt julkaistu, ja kaikkien vapaassa käytössä! Työkalu energiatehokkaine ratkaisuineen ja uusiutuvan energian käyttövinkkeineen on suunnattu erityisesti meriklusterin yrityksille, mutta myös muut teollisuusalan yritykset ja mikseivät opiskelijatkin voi hyödyntää työkalua. Tutustu työkaluun:

Valmis SataMari-työkalu on verkkopohjainen sovellus. Siinä on teemoina tilat ja toiminnot ja se sisältää 30 kpl erilaisia ratkaisuja pdf-korttien muodossa.

Vaikka kentällä sattuu ja tapahtuu, lopputuloksena oli tälläkin kertaa konkreettinen työkalu alan toimijoille. Energiaa säästyy ja sitä tuotetaan uusiutuvilla menetelmillä. SataMari-hanketta (2018–2020) rahoitti Euroopan Aluekehitys Rahasto (EAKR). Lisätietoa SataMari-projektista ja päätöksentekotyökalu:

Teksti: Minna M. Keinänen-Toivola, Teemu Heikkinen, Teija Järvenpää ja Petri Lähde

Kuvat: Teemu Heikkinen ja Teija Järvenpää

From confusion to most creative idea – International Clean Energy Challenge for young professionals


64 bright young minds from over 30 countries tackled the energy transition. Our great team ”Energy Unlocked” won the award of the ”Most creative idea” with the project about sustainable energy communities of the future that emphasize the meaning of the end user.

The International Clean Energy Challenge, organised from 22-26 July 2019 in Upper Austria by the OÖ Energiesparverband, brought together 64 highly-qualified young professionals from more than 30 countries and 11 partner companies for an event of collaborative innovation.

I was selected from over 200 applicants to participate in the event. The participants selected were mostly young professionals working in businesses, industry, energy agencies, associations, public bodies and research institutions with a diversity of educational backgrounds including engineering, economy, architecture, business administration, chemistry, mathematics, law, political science and more. 

In teams, we tackled real-life challenges presented by the partner organizations on topics relating to energy efficiency and renewable energy in industry, buildings, e-mobility and more. My team consisted of me, Evangelos Zacharis (Greece), Véronique Groulx (Canada), Jorge Andrey Sterner (Spain), Martina Blazheska (Macedonia) and Magdalini Psarra (Denmark) and of our mentor Christian Pillwein (Austria) from Beckhoff.

My team was assigned to a specific company challenge given by Beckhoff. Work on the challenge consisted of a combination of brainstorming activities, autonomous group work and peer-review sessions. The company representatives were present throughout the entire event and offered valuable support and professional coaching.

We started off with a “world hugging, larger than life idea” that made us all feel confused of what we were actually aiming for. We had three days of intensive time to work. Luckily, the organizer had arranged many peer-review sessions with different techniques that made us prioritize our idea. We finished off with a clear idea that we were proud to present.

In the final session, each group presented its solutions to a jury consisting of management-level representatives of the partner companies as well as the regional energy commissioner. Awards were presented in 4 categories: ”Best presentation”, ”Most creative idea”, ”Strongest business opportunity” and ”Best solution for the company challenge” as well as for the best event photo.

The event was organised by the OÖ Energiesparverband, the regional energy agency and organiser of the annual international conference World Sustainable Energy Days. It was held also in the context of the NEFI project Indugrid.

Photos: OÖ Energiesparverband.